Bureaucracy and complicated VAT refunds are main obstacles for exporters in Ukraine

Ukrainian exporters surveyed by the IER’s Trade Facilitation Dialogue project say that inefficient and non-transparent value-added tax (VAT) refunds system and high levels of bureaucracy are the biggest obstacles for export. The survey also reveals that smaller enterprises tend to be more burdened by complicated customs procedures and lack of transparency in the operation of tax agencies. Furthermore, unpredictable trade policy of Ukraine is a more significant barrier for small and medium exporters than for…

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